She said the industry needs to tackle the interlinked sustainability challenges, particularly relating to environmental, climate change and social issues.
“In order to do that, it will require leadership and I urge the Malaysian government, which has enormous muscle power, to get into this in a big way as it did when it chose palm oil (to be one of the income generators to the economy),” she said during the International Palm Oil Sustainability Conference 2020 (IPOSC 2020) virtual question and answer (Q&A) session today.
Among the challenges she highlighted is the European Union’s (EU) decision to phase out palm oil in transport fuels from 2030, the reduction in biodiversity and the threat of extinction of rare species.
Tsakok, who was one of the panellists during the two-hour Q&A session, noted that the industry should find solutions to increase fresh fruit bunches (FFB) production, despite the climate change that lowers the FFB and other agricultural yields, and address the alleged labour rights violation and land grabs from indigenous communities.
The crop, she noted, has been driving agricultural transformation, inclusive growth and poverty reduction in the country, and it is the most efficient way of satisfying the growing global demand for vegetable oil as it uses one-tenth of the land of its rival crops.
However, its very success makes it controversial, she said.
“Palm oil is new to me as I am from Mauritius and we grow coconut there… so it is fascinating to me to see how powerful palm oil is to Malaysia and how it has helped to eradicate poverty.
“However, as someone who is observing the industry from the outside, I also see that palm oil has ‘two faces’. On one hand, there are many wonderful things that you are doing, and you have, but on the other hand, there are a lot of ugly things too,” she said.
She noted that notable issues include the empowerment of the B40 group in the industry — namely the smallholders, issues of indigenous land, labour rights and deforestation.
Tsakok, who holds a PhD in Economics from Harvard University and a World Bank retiree, noted that despite the challenges, the industry can do better as palm oil is a versatile oil which has a lot to offer to the world.
Meanwhile, another panellist, IOI Corporation Bhd’s Head of Sustainability Dr Surina Ismail said that working with the Government is one of the best ways to manage the challenges faced by the industry.
“All along the supply chain, everybody must play their part in the upstream or the downstream sector.
“We must help and encourage the growers, especially the smallholders, to produce sustainably and get the recognition from big companies locally and abroad,” she said.
Meanwhile, commenting on the Certified Sustainable Palm Oil (CSPO), Roundtable Sustainable Palm Oil strategic stakeholder relations director Salahudin Yaacob said the certification is necessary for big and small players, allowing them to enter more markets.
“Currently, CSPO’s production is low. The Government, consumers and industry stakeholders need to work together to increase awareness on the CSPO.
“We need to enforce the requirement to make sustainable palm oil renowned and this can be achieved by producing only CSPO,” he said.
Two EU representatives, Frans Claassen and Paivi Makkonen said there should be more constructive dialogues between palm oil-producing countries and the EU Government.
They also stressed that having good governance to promote a healthy supply chain in the industry is crucial, as well as ensuring that no human rights are violated.
Closing the discussion, Sime Darby Plantation sustainability head Rashyid Redza Anwarudin said there are still a lot of work that needs to be done to improve the industry.
“We need to ensure the work we do is as inclusive. We have to remember that it’s an important industry in this part of the world. It has contributed in a major way to the social economy and development of the region.
“It has, more importantly, touched the everyday lives of the people,” he said.
The IPOSC 2020 is the Malaysian Palm Oil Council’s biannual conference that highlights the sustainability challenges and opportunities in the Malaysian palm oil industry.
This year’s conference is being hosted on a virtual platform, comprising two modules, in response to the global COVID-19 pandemic.
Module 1 today featured presentations from sustainability experts from the agriculture, research and palm oil sectors who shared their views on the efforts by global agricultural commodities towards achieving sustainability and carbon neutrality.
Module 2, on renewable energy, climate change and food security will take place from Oct 12-20, 2020.
Source : The Edge Markets
KOTA KINABALU: Palm oil groups today urged the Sabah government to consider allowing firms to resume operations for essential procedures such as harvesting, crop evacuation, and milling despite the nationwide movement control order (MCO) which has mostly shut down activity in the country.
In a joint statement, the Malaysian Palm Oil Association and Malaysian Estate Owners Association said there would be social impacts from the closure of operations in the state.
“The industry strongly feels that we can better contain the spread by continuing operations rather than curbing them,” they said.
hey said closing operations only highlights “the operational nightmare” in addition to the potential revenue loss of about RM860 million for a month’s closure in Sabah.
“The loss in 7.5% sales tax revenue to the government amounting to about RM57 million could actually be used to support the fight to contain COVID-19,” they added.
Sabah Chief Minister Shafie Apdal recently announced the closure in phases of palm oil operations in the districts of Tawau, Lahad Datu, and Kinabatangan.
He said this would begin with oil palm plantations before being extended to mills as well.
The three districts account for 65% of the total planted area of 1.2 million hectares and 75% of production in Sabah involving some 100,000 workers.
The groups said these workers would be left idle and confined to their quarters for long hours due to social distancing.
They said the workers might also leave to look for jobs elsewhere or attempt to return to their home countries, which would pose a threat to the MCO objective of containing the spread of COVID-19.
They also said the industry had committed to supporting the government in its battle against the virus by introducing and adhering to guidelines and SOPs at all estates and mills, including a so-called voluntary lockdown.
**Credit: FMT News
**Credit to featured image: freemalaysiatoday.com
KUALA LUMPUR, Jan 12 — Primary Industries Minister Teresa Kok’s visit to Pakistan has unearthed strong potential for Malaysia and the South Asian nation to cooperate further in palm oil trade as well as other commodities, her ministry said.
The Primary Industries Ministry said Kok and Pakistan’s Advisor for Commerce, Textile, Industry and Production and Investment Abdul Razak Dawood had a four-eye meeting over common interests for the two nations.
“Pakistan is a key importer of Malaysian palm oil and products. In 2018, Pakistan imported 1.16 million metric tonnes (MT) of palm oil from Malaysia valued at US$0.83 billion (RM2.97 billion). Avenues to further expand Malaysian palm oil share in this growing market was also discussed.
“For example, Pakistan is a net exporter of rice, fruit and other produce that are required by Malaysia and Abdul Razak Dawood encouraged Malaysia to consider instituting trading practices that could allow smoother passage of these products into Malaysia,” said the statement.
She also described Pakistan as one of Malaysia’s most regular and dependable buyers of local palm oil and products.
She emphasised that palm oil has the potential for higher uptake in Pakistan given that its local production of oils and fats meets only around 20 per cent of its consumption needs.
It depends heavily on imports to meet growing domestic demand and consumption, which has been increasing at a rate of 4.5 per cent each year for the past seven years, due to increasing population, income and consumer spending.
Palm oil is widely used for the manufacture of vanaspati (ghee) and it is also the preferred raw material for the food industry in Pakistan, especially for frying and in confectionery items.
At the same time, during her discussion with Abdul Razak, Kok pointed out that Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) exporters from Sri Lanka enjoyed lower duties whereas Malaysia’s higher quality MDF were subjected to higher import tariffs.
“Other product opportunities were also discussed and both leaders agreed to convey these matters to the concerned authorities in their respective countries so that solutions could be worked out to benefit better trade relations between Malaysia and Pakistan,” said the statement
Credit to: Malay Mail | Sunday, 12 Jan 2020 09:08 AM MYT | BY AZRIL ANNUAR
Just five months ago, benchmark futures in Malaysia languished at four-year lows as investors fretted about stubbornly high stockpiles, waning demand from top buyers India and China and European restrictions that linked palm oil to environmental harm. Then in October, a trade spat between No. 2 producer Malaysia and India threatened to further hit sales and prices.
That all changed at an industry conference in Bali, where top analysts warned that dry weather and haze will hurt production, just as Indonesia focuses on implementing an ambitious, compulsory biofuel program, which is making the country the world’s biggest user of palm oil as well as the largest supplier.
That gave another leg-up to prices, extending the rally from the July low by 50% to more than 2,900 ringgit ($700) a ton and putting the market on track for a 35% gain this year, its best performance in almost a decade, reversing planter fortunes. By contrast, soybean oil is up 22% this year. So what’s next?
Most industry players see prices of the oil, used in everything from chocolate to shampoo and biofuel, staying at elevated levels in 2020. Benchmark futures may average 2,600 ringgit a ton, the highest in three years, according to the median of 25 estimates in a Bloomberg survey of analysts, traders and plantation executives, versus an average of 2,240 ringgit this year.
“Lower production at origins, increasing biodiesel mandates and robust food demand would be the key price drivers next year,” said Anilkumar Bagani, research head of Sunvin Group, a Mumbai-based broker and consultant.
Here’s what industry participants are watching:
1. Biofuel Boom
Indonesia’s B30 biofuel mandate is key to palm oil’s price direction. The policy “will help increase crude palm oil prices, improve plantations’ finances and help to channel biodiesel into the domestic market,” said Sathia Varqa, owner of Palm Oil Analytics in Singapore.
But biofuel mandates in Indonesia and Malaysia are facing scrutiny, especially as palm oil trades at a fat premium of almost $100 a ton to gas oil, compared with an average discount of $54 in the past year. That makes palm more expensive to blend into biofuel and requires increased financial incentives. The industry is watching whether Indonesia reimposes export levies to fund the mandate. That’s more likely now that No. 2 grower Malaysia is set to hike its own export duty from January. “Any failure to fulfil the mandate can have a negative impact on prices,” Varqa said.
2. Weak Production
Analysts are trimming their outlook for production in Indonesia and Malaysia due to dry weather and lack of fertilizer application spilling into 2020. LMC International Chairman James Fry forecasts global palm stockpiles to shrink next year as slow output growth coincides with a boost to biodiesel mandates. What’s more, relentless pressure from NGOs to stop oil palm planting, as well as the slowdown in new planting due to low prices earlier, will inevitably keep production growth low in the next few years, Fry said in November. Industry watchers will be monitoring fresh fruit bunches to gauge production trends in the coming months, especially if there are signs of an uptick in yields.
3. Demand Buoyant
The rally has been so fierce it threatens the oil’s traditional role as cheap vegetable oil for food and fuel. Palm hit parity with soybean oil for the first time since 2011, reducing its appeal versus other oils and prompting buyers to turn to alternatives. While a politically fueled trade spat between Malaysia and India fizzled in November, traders will wait to see whether this key customer may look to hike import duties, which could curb palm purchases.
China, meanwhile, has upped its buying since July as African swine fever slashed hog herds and lowered domestic demand for soybean meal, meaning fewer beans are crushed and less oil produced. China National Grain and Oils Information Center expects palm oil imports to reach a record of 7 million tons in the year starting October, as the tropical oil fills the gap.
4. Going Green, Weather Watch
Industry efforts to be more sustainable and avoid being dubbed a climate villain will become more important in 2020, especially since it could lead to more companies or countries restricting the use of palm. There are fears that the EU, which wants to phase out palm use in biofuel, may look to food next. Malaysia has warned that the bloc’s proposed limits on 3-MCPD esters may impact palm’s usage in food products and is looking into enforcing regulations to meet acceptable safety levels of the food processing contaminant. National sustainable certification schemes in Malaysia and Indonesia will become mandatory for growers next year, even as a producing-countries band together to fight what they call discriminatory measures against the palm.
Meanwhile, weather calamities that affect soybean crops in the U.S. and South America, or sunflower in the Black Sea countries could tighten supplies and lift edible oil prices including palm.
The Government is ready to dish out additional incentives to encourage oil palm planters to embrace Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO) certification, which is aimed at boosting the crop’s profile in the global market.
“It is good news, especially to the smallholders,” Malaysian Palm Oil Certification Council (MPOCC) CEO Chew Jit Seng said in an interview recently.
As at end-April, only about 32 % of the 5.85 million hectares of oil palm plantations and 39 % of the 451 palm oil mills in the country had achieved MSPO certification, he said.
As announced previously, the MSPO standard will be made mandatory for the entire industry by the end of this year.
There are separate deadlines for plantation companies and smallholders.
Plantation industries were given until Dec 31 last year to obtain MSPO certification if they already have Roundtable Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) certification, and until June 30 if they have no RSPO or International Sustainability Carbon Certification (ISCC) certification.
The government has given smallholders the longest grace period for getting MSPO certification, up to Dec 31, 2019.
Since the announcement of the mandatory timeline for compliance, MPOCC has anticipated that smallholders will face challenges in terms of resources and capacity to comply with the MSPO standards, but the Primary Industries Ministry and its agencies can assist them, Chew said.
“We noticed some of them are thinking of scaling down their oil palm plantation areas and even venturing into alternative cash crops, but we would still advise the smallholders to be MSPO-certified to make their product sellable in the long run.
“Our main concern is on the smallholders (growers who own below 100 acres) and small and medium-scale growers who have 100 acres, or 40.46ha, to 1,000ha.
“These growers need more guidance, especially those in the rural areas, as they sometimes lack awareness of the certification process,” he said.
The large companies, on the other hand, can readily embrace the MSPO as many of them have already been certified with international standards such as RSPO or ISCC.
The existing incentives, which are provided to boost the take-up rate for MSPO certification, fully cover the audit cost and the cost of preparation for the certification for smallholders.
“The new incentive scheme will also cover the full audit cost of the small and medium-scale growers and defray their cost of becoming sustainable in the long term,” he said.
Currently, the government is giving the independent smallholders RM135 per hectare as an MSPO incentive.
“However, for the organised smallholders under the various land schemes like Felda, Felcra and Risda, they only get about RM10 per hectare. So there is a big disparity.
“Therefore, the government will rationalise the incentive scheme to make sure that everybody would be incentivised, with priority given to smallholders and small and medium-scale growers,” he explained.
According to him, MSPO certification system is managed by third-party audit companies (certification bodies) accredited by the Standards Department.
There are 14 accredited certification bodies at present, and the department is in the process of accrediting another four bodies in the country. The accredited bodies are listed on the MPOCC website.
“For oil palm plantations and the supply chain players seeking to get MSPO and Supply Chain Certification System (SCCS) certified, they can contact any of these 18 certification bodies to get quotations for comparison.
“For independent smallholders, the audits will be arranged by the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB),” he said.
The MPOB will visit the smallholders’ plantations to check if their plantations have met all MSPO requirements before scheduling them for an actual audit, he explained.
“The MPOB has organised the independent smallholders into 162 Sustainable Palm Oil Clusters or SPOCs, and 114 SPOCs have been certified to date according to the board,” Chew said.
Despite the short timeline, MPOCC is confident of the full implementation of MSPO, he said.
“It is an uphill task (due to the various procedures and funding that is needed) but with the government’s undivided support, we will strive to achieve the 100 % target by end of 2019,” Chew said.
MSPO is crucial as it is the platform for Malaysia’s palm oil industry to move towards sustainability and tackle current and future challenges, he said.
Hence, the federal government and various agencies are providing technical support and financial aid.
However, there are areas where the federal government will seek the cooperation of state governments, especially on land use and title, as it falls under their jurisdiction, he explained.
Chew also said that since almost 90 % of Malaysian palm oil and palm oil products are exported, meeting the sustainable requirement of importing countries is crucial.
He noted that China, one of the top buyers of Malaysian palm oil, is also going into “green food” and sustainability.
“MPOCC has recently signed a memorandum of understanding with the China Green Food Development Centre for mutual recognition of the ‘Green Food’ and MSPO certifications.
Chew said the government and its agencies will also promote MSPO-certified palm oil to India in the latter part of this year.
In 2020, the plan is to participate in the Dubai International Expo to target the Middle East market.
“It is noted that our main competitor, Indonesia, has also implemented the Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) certification system.
“However, Indonesia does not invest much in promoting the ISPO-certified palm oil but instead is focusing on selling its commodity at a cheaper price due to its higher CPO production.
“So, I think, this is where our palm oil may have an advantage in the market as MSPO-certified sustainable palm oil,” he added.
** Credit: Nurul Hanis Izmir, Bernama | Published: | Modified:
THE oil palm industry has played an important role in the economy.
The planted area expanded from 55,000ha in 1960 to 5.849 million hectares last year.
In tandem with the area expansion, the production of palm oil also grew from less than 100,000 tonnes in 1960 to 19.516 million tonnes last year.
This expansion, especially in the 1960’s, was encouraged by the diversification strategy of the government, which recognised palm oil as a complementary crop to rubber.
The oil palm industry contributes 4.67 per cent to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), and 46.6 per cent to the agricultural GDP.
Total exports of palm oil products were 23.97 million tonnes in 2017 with an export revenue of RM77.85 billion.
Palm oil export earnings stood at RM46.12 billion.
The global market is expected to grow with the world’s population and income, increasing biofuels production, accelerating economic growth, especially in developing economies, and growing applications.
Despite these achievements, palm oil continues to receive criticism for alleged links to deforestation, climate change, health effects and market restrictions in terms of tariff and non-tariff trade barriers.
This has led to lower demand for palm oil-based products and export market access.
Added to these challenges is agricultural commodity price volatility and instability.
Price volatility is almost an inherent feature of commodity production due partly to inelastic supply and demand.
Crude palm oil (CPO) prices dropped to three-year lows in November and December last year amid high stock levels in Southeast Asia and weak demand.
Stocks were reported at a record high of three million tonnes. Exports dropped by 12.9 per cent month on month to 1.38 million tonnes as buyers — such as China, the European Union, Pakistan and the Philippines — bought fewer Malaysian palm oil products.
Last year, the average CPO price was RM2,267 per tonne against RM2,817 a tonne in 2017.
Other than fundamental factors of supply, demand, and stocks, palm oil prices are also affected by the price movements of soya bean oil, which competes for a share of the global vegetable oil market, and influenced by crude oil because the edible oil is also used as feedstock to make biodiesel.
The prices rebounded in January and last month to RM2,037 and RM2,100.50, respectively, compared with November and December prices of RM1,830 and RM1,794.50, respectively.
The general opinion is that the prices of crude palm oil and other oils depend on the outlook for palm stocks.
It is predicted that stocks will fall till mid-year, in line with seasonal production trends, which will lift the crude palm oil prices, especially if Indonesia maintains its heightened pace of biodiesel use.
Crude palm oil prices are expected to rise to between RM2,200 and RM2,300 per tonne by June on a seasonal decline in stocks.
Prices will also increase as India, one of the largest importers of Malaysian palm oil at 2.514 million tonnes last year, reduced import duties on crude palm oil from some countries, including Malaysia and Indonesia, to 40 per cent from 44 per cent and on other palm oil to 45 per cent from 54 per cent.
For this year, though supply of CPO will remain ample due to steady production growth in Indonesia, consumption will grow by a strong five per cent year on year, at the fastest rate recorded since 2013.
With low stock levels and firmer soya bean oil and crude oil prices, CPO prices are forecast to be higher this year than last year with at an average price of RM2,300 per tonne.
– March 17, 2019 @ 10:58pm
2019 appears to be starting in the right direction for the Malaysian oil palm industry. In recent years, the Malaysian palm oil industry has faced rising challenges of restrictions in export and worldwide demand. The leading issue would of course be the European Union’s growing anti-palm oil sentiment, driven by allegations of deforestation and the industry being environmentally unfriendly.
Although Malaysia and other oil palm producing nations have stepped up their efforts to dismiss these allegations, the EU seems poised to limit and eventually phase out palm oil, especially in vehicles and machinery. As such, palm oil sales have to be focused elsewhere.
China: One of the Largest Palm Oil Market
China has been purchasing palm oil from Malaysia for a long time. With the EU market under threat, Malaysia has managed to convince China to increase their purchases. In part, China’s increasing demand of oil palm is due to a drop of soybean oil demand and the need for more vegetable cooking oils.
In addition to just cooking, palm oil in China will be used in other industries such as the chocolate making industry, food processing industry, pharmaceuticals, soaps and more. Currently, China is the second largest importer of palm oil after India.
China buys 50% more Palm Oil in 2019
On March 4th, 2019, Malaysian Minister of Primary Industries, Theresa Kok witnessed the signing of purchase intent documents involving three Chinese companies which will buy products from four Malaysian companies.
These purchases amounted to USD 891 million or about RM 3.5 billion. The following is a breakdown of the purchase deals, which total up to about 1.62 billion tons of palm oil:
- Yantai Tianmao Edible Ltd to purchase 100,000 tons of RBD palm stearin from Sime Darby Plantation
- Yihai Kerry (Shanghai) International Trade Co. to purchase 1.3 million tons of RBD palm olein from PGEO Marketing Sdn
- Yizheng Fangshun Industry Ltd to purchase 120,000 tons of RBD palm stearin from Cacao Paramount Sdn, unit of Teck Guan Group
- Yizheng Fangshun to purchase 100,000 tons of RBD palm olein from SOP Edible Oils
More Room To Grow
At the signing of the purchase intents during the Malaysia-China Palm Oil Business Forum, China’s ambassador to Malaysia, Bai Tian mentioned that there is still room for more purchases. He stated that China has not placed a ceiling on the amount of palm oil and palm oil products that China can import.
Among the new fields that China is looking into developing is biofuels and this of course calls for and increased supply of palm oils in the country. In total, China’s import of palm oil in Malaysia is set to grow about 50% year on year in 2019, as compared to the year before.
In addition to boosting exports of palm oil to China, Malaysia is also taking steps to cap the amount of land opened for oil palm growth, as an important step to allay fears in the EU about deforestation.
The increased demand for palm oil and declining reserves are serving to gradually increase and stabilize oil palm prices for 2019, which is good news for small holders in Malaysia. If you’re a smallholder, this is the time to work hard and make hay while the sun shines.