Fertilizer plays a very important role in today’s world. For instance, fertilizer helps to ensure that the food source is adequate for the world. Other than that, we are also able to enjoy larger, and more delicious produce that results from fertilizer usage. Economically viewing the issue, fertilizer usage has also created a vast variety of jobs and also sustained the global economy.
With the correct handling, fertilizer undoubtedly brings lots of positive effects. However, what happens if the fertilizer industry is handled irresponsibly? What if farmers started to misuse fertilizer?
For one obvious effect, if fertilizer usage was abused, the less developed countries could face starvation. If the more developed countries decided to manipulate the fertilizer business, less developed countries will not have enough food to sustain their population, and thus, causing starvation.
On the environmental view, it can be very dangerous if fertilizer was used irresponsibly. One of the main effects of over usage of fertilizer is the depletion of the soil quality. Though we may think that using more fertilizer makes the soil more fertile, it is actually the opposite. When too much fertilizer is used over the long run, the acidity of the soil increases, making it infertile for growth of plants. Over the years, the soil would not be able to grow any plants and would become barren.
Other than that, when fertilizer is used at a higher dosage than it should be, there is more runoff of fertilizer into the neighbouring lakes and ponds. This phenomenon is known as eutrophication. The runoff contains nitrates and phosphorus which promotes the growth of algae on the surface of the water. With the algae covering the water surfaces, oxygen either reaches the aquatic life at a very low rate or none at all, slowly killing the fauna. Other than that, sunlight also has trouble reaching the base of the water bodies, thus killing the flora which is the source of food for many living organisms under the water surface.
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Zeolite is one of the lesser known elements in fertilizers that we don’t talk about much. Most of the time, we tend to focus on the main components of fertilizers, namely N, P and K. However, Zeolite is equally important in agriculture.
In general, Zeolite has uses in many industries. These days, it’s widely used as a catalyst in the petrochemical industry, as part of processes known as catalytic cracking and hydrocracking. Additionally, it also has uses in solar energy, refrigeration and in the production of medical oxygen.
The First Documented Uses
In history, the first time Zeolite actually makes an appearance is during the Roman Empire (27BC – 395 AD). They were used as part of the pebbles and stones to filter water brought by the aqueducts. This early system of waterways brought water from the rivers and streams surrounding a city, straight into the city so that it flowed from springs along the streets.
In ancient China, Zeolite has been crushed and added to medicines, since it has been documented to absorb certain toxins.
The first modern scientist to coin the term ‘Zeolite’ was Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in 1756. He was a Swedish mineralogist who classified it as a group of minerals that contained water. However, Zeolite did not gain prominence until the 1960s and 1970s, where it was used in the United States to remove ammonia and radioactive materials from wastewater.
Since then, Zeolite has gained a lot of other uses. The largest impact is of course the removal of Radiocative waste from Chernobyl and Fukushima, the biggest nuclear disasters of the century.
Why Do Your Plants Need Zeolite?
When you apply NPK fertilizers to the soil around your plantation, not all of it reaches your plants. Some of it will be lost through volatilization, which is when Nitrogen becomes ammonium gas after coming into contact with air.
Another portion will be lost to leaching. This happens when water from rain or from sprinklers wash the nutrients deeper into the soil and away from the reach of the plant roots. Leaching is actually very wasteful and reduces the effectiveness of your fertilizers.
Adding Zeolite reduces the wastage of N,P and K in your fertilizers significantly. Zeolite binds the nutrients and only releases it when after some time due to temperatures in the soil. This prevents leaching and volatilization as Zeolite ‘holds’ the nutrients for your plant roots much longer.
Zeolite for Your Plantation by Everchem
At Everchem, we have personally ensured that our Daebak Zeolite is of the best quality. Our Zeolite comes to you from Indonesia, where it is mined, processed and packaged on the spot in the most hygienic and modern methods.
Zeolite is part of our Daebak Slow Release Fertilizer, which is a type of fertilizer that makes N,P and K available to your roots for longer and in abundance.
The next time you see Zeolite in your fertilizer mix, you’ll know what it’s for. If you’re currently using regular fertilizers without Zeolite, why not try our Daebak Slow Released Fertilizers for increased plant nutrition.
THE oil palm industry has played an important role in the economy.
The planted area expanded from 55,000ha in 1960 to 5.849 million hectares last year.
In tandem with the area expansion, the production of palm oil also grew from less than 100,000 tonnes in 1960 to 19.516 million tonnes last year.
This expansion, especially in the 1960’s, was encouraged by the diversification strategy of the government, which recognised palm oil as a complementary crop to rubber.
The oil palm industry contributes 4.67 per cent to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), and 46.6 per cent to the agricultural GDP.
Total exports of palm oil products were 23.97 million tonnes in 2017 with an export revenue of RM77.85 billion.
Palm oil export earnings stood at RM46.12 billion.
The global market is expected to grow with the world’s population and income, increasing biofuels production, accelerating economic growth, especially in developing economies, and growing applications.
Despite these achievements, palm oil continues to receive criticism for alleged links to deforestation, climate change, health effects and market restrictions in terms of tariff and non-tariff trade barriers.
This has led to lower demand for palm oil-based products and export market access.
Added to these challenges is agricultural commodity price volatility and instability.
Price volatility is almost an inherent feature of commodity production due partly to inelastic supply and demand.
Crude palm oil (CPO) prices dropped to three-year lows in November and December last year amid high stock levels in Southeast Asia and weak demand.
Stocks were reported at a record high of three million tonnes. Exports dropped by 12.9 per cent month on month to 1.38 million tonnes as buyers — such as China, the European Union, Pakistan and the Philippines — bought fewer Malaysian palm oil products.
Last year, the average CPO price was RM2,267 per tonne against RM2,817 a tonne in 2017.
Other than fundamental factors of supply, demand, and stocks, palm oil prices are also affected by the price movements of soya bean oil, which competes for a share of the global vegetable oil market, and influenced by crude oil because the edible oil is also used as feedstock to make biodiesel.
The prices rebounded in January and last month to RM2,037 and RM2,100.50, respectively, compared with November and December prices of RM1,830 and RM1,794.50, respectively.
The general opinion is that the prices of crude palm oil and other oils depend on the outlook for palm stocks.
It is predicted that stocks will fall till mid-year, in line with seasonal production trends, which will lift the crude palm oil prices, especially if Indonesia maintains its heightened pace of biodiesel use.
Crude palm oil prices are expected to rise to between RM2,200 and RM2,300 per tonne by June on a seasonal decline in stocks.
Prices will also increase as India, one of the largest importers of Malaysian palm oil at 2.514 million tonnes last year, reduced import duties on crude palm oil from some countries, including Malaysia and Indonesia, to 40 per cent from 44 per cent and on other palm oil to 45 per cent from 54 per cent.
For this year, though supply of CPO will remain ample due to steady production growth in Indonesia, consumption will grow by a strong five per cent year on year, at the fastest rate recorded since 2013.
With low stock levels and firmer soya bean oil and crude oil prices, CPO prices are forecast to be higher this year than last year with at an average price of RM2,300 per tonne.
– March 17, 2019 @ 10:58pm
Fertilizer is well known for its purpose in increasing food production. It is also known to produce more beautiful landscapes with fresher flowers and trees. But what would have happened if fertilizer was never invented in the very first place?
For one obvious effect, if fertilizer was never invented, the would have been a lack of food for consumption in most of the developing countries. Fertilizer acts as an aid in growing more food resources. The most common food sources that depend on fertilizer to increase their yield include rice and wheat which are the most consumed food sources around the globe.
If fertilizer was never invented, these food sources would have gone scarce and caused starvation, especially in developing countries. It is estimated that one-third of the population would have starved to death without fertilizer.
Other than that, the non-existence of fertilizer would have highly impacted the agricultural industry. For instance, if crops like oil palm and other fruiting trees were not fed with enough fertilizer, we might not have been able to enjoy large juicy fruits nor would we have been able to produce palm oil from oil palm seed at a high scale. Landscapes would also look less attractive or colourful without fertilizer.
On the other hand, if fertilizer did not exist, our water sources pollution could have been lower. This is so, phosphorus runoff from fertilizer to neighbouring lakes would have been lesser or none at all. Phosphorus runoff causes eutrophication which in return kills aquatic animals.
Published on Feb 10, 2019
2019 appears to be starting in the right direction for the Malaysian oil palm industry. In recent years, the Malaysian palm oil industry has faced rising challenges of restrictions in export and worldwide demand. The leading issue would of course be the European Union’s growing anti-palm oil sentiment, driven by allegations of deforestation and the industry being environmentally unfriendly.
Although Malaysia and other oil palm producing nations have stepped up their efforts to dismiss these allegations, the EU seems poised to limit and eventually phase out palm oil, especially in vehicles and machinery. As such, palm oil sales have to be focused elsewhere.
China: One of the Largest Palm Oil Market
China has been purchasing palm oil from Malaysia for a long time. With the EU market under threat, Malaysia has managed to convince China to increase their purchases. In part, China’s increasing demand of oil palm is due to a drop of soybean oil demand and the need for more vegetable cooking oils.
In addition to just cooking, palm oil in China will be used in other industries such as the chocolate making industry, food processing industry, pharmaceuticals, soaps and more. Currently, China is the second largest importer of palm oil after India.
China buys 50% more Palm Oil in 2019
On March 4th, 2019, Malaysian Minister of Primary Industries, Theresa Kok witnessed the signing of purchase intent documents involving three Chinese companies which will buy products from four Malaysian companies.
These purchases amounted to USD 891 million or about RM 3.5 billion. The following is a breakdown of the purchase deals, which total up to about 1.62 billion tons of palm oil:
- Yantai Tianmao Edible Ltd to purchase 100,000 tons of RBD palm stearin from Sime Darby Plantation
- Yihai Kerry (Shanghai) International Trade Co. to purchase 1.3 million tons of RBD palm olein from PGEO Marketing Sdn
- Yizheng Fangshun Industry Ltd to purchase 120,000 tons of RBD palm stearin from Cacao Paramount Sdn, unit of Teck Guan Group
- Yizheng Fangshun to purchase 100,000 tons of RBD palm olein from SOP Edible Oils
More Room To Grow
At the signing of the purchase intents during the Malaysia-China Palm Oil Business Forum, China’s ambassador to Malaysia, Bai Tian mentioned that there is still room for more purchases. He stated that China has not placed a ceiling on the amount of palm oil and palm oil products that China can import.
Among the new fields that China is looking into developing is biofuels and this of course calls for and increased supply of palm oils in the country. In total, China’s import of palm oil in Malaysia is set to grow about 50% year on year in 2019, as compared to the year before.
In addition to boosting exports of palm oil to China, Malaysia is also taking steps to cap the amount of land opened for oil palm growth, as an important step to allay fears in the EU about deforestation.
The increased demand for palm oil and declining reserves are serving to gradually increase and stabilize oil palm prices for 2019, which is good news for small holders in Malaysia. If you’re a smallholder, this is the time to work hard and make hay while the sun shines.
What is this concept?
The living produce is a recently developed concept which is based on the idea of selling plants, mostly vegetables, to the market without disconnecting them from the roots. The plants are protected in a clamshell which acts as a greenhouse.
A clamshell is a plastic made into the shape of a clam which has it’s cover intact. The clamshell protects the plants by ensuring that the moisture that escapes from the plants is captured in the shell and is reabsorbed by the plant roots.
Commonly, green vegetables such as salads and lettuce are grown and sold according to this trend.
Why is it good?
One of the reasons why selling living produce is good is that the taste of food will be enhanced. For example, if you use herbs that are sold by this trend, you tend to get fresher produce which in return enhances the taste of your food in comparison with the herbs that have been placed on the shelf for a few weeks before being bought.
Other than that, living produce allows you to store the vegetable for a longer period of time after buying it. For example, if you bought lettuce and have used just a few leaves from it, you can still put it on your kitchen counter can let it grow as the roots will still be intact.
Next, you can grow your own mini garden on your kitchen counter or window sills. Since the living produce sold comes with roots, it is convenient enough for you to be able to regrow them while getting the freshest produce with the optimum nutrient content.
Hydroponic refers to a method of growing plants without the use of soil but by using a nutrient rich medium. Some examples of nutrient rich mediums commonly used are perlite, gravel, peat moss, vermiculite and rockwood. The basic concept of hydroponic is to enable the plant roots to directly receive nutrients from the medium. Oxygen and carbon dioxide, as other important supplements, are obtained naturally from the surrounding.
1) Increased growth rate of plants
Plants that are hydroponically grown are able to mature at a rate of 25% to 30% Faster than plants grown in soil medium. This is because, enough amount of nutrients are already provided to the plants.
2) Plants grow bigger and faster
Since hydroponic system provides plants with the nutrients needed, there is no need for the plants to grow their roots long as in soil to search for nutrients. Therefore, hydroponic plants focus more on growing upwards rather than expanding their roots downwards.
3) Use less water
Hydroponics plantation uses less water in comparison with soil grown plants. This is due to the closed systems of the hydroponic method. Water does not evaporate or at least evaporates at a very slow rate, compared to soil.
1) Higher cost than the soil counterpart
For high quality hydroponic system, the maintenance cost is much higher compared to soil based system. The nutrients used cost much higher than soil.
2) Large scale is harder to maintain
A large scale hydroponic plantation is difficult to maintain and is time consuming. The pH and nutrient levels of the medium must be checked on a daily basis
In conclusion, if one wishes to start hydroponic plantation, care must be taken of the system to avoid failure and loss that can kill the plants if not attended to properly. Hydroponics is beneficial for a longer run with proper care.
Borate fertilizers supply Boron to your oil palm trees. We’ve already covered the importance of Boron for oil palms and plants in general. Suffice to say, it’s an important main element for nutrition and metabolism.
When you see that you plantation is low in Boron, and you purchase our Daebak Borate Fertilizers, there are a few ways to make it work better.
The first step is to understand how Borate fertilizers lose efficiency. Borate fertilizers are lost through leaching, volatilization, nitrification and more. Inefficient use of borates can lead to wastage, pollution and increased running cost.
Here’s how you can give the Borate fertilizers you buy, a boost:
Fertilizers pellets can sometimes clump together due to moisture of other factors. If this is the case, you’ll have to dry them out. Clumped up beads of fertilizers can often cause uneven fertilizer application. Some parts of the soil will be over-fertilized while others will be under –fertilized. An even spread will boost the fertilizer’s effectiveness for the oil palms and prevent leaching or fertilizer burn.
Using GPS mapping and Soil Testing
Modern technology like GPS maps can give you an overall view of your plantation without the need for you to hire a helicopter or buy any expensive equipment. GPS maps can be found online, in places like Google Maps.
Once you divide your entire plantation into square zones, you can work more efficiently by identifying which zones need fertilization and which ones do not. Each zone should also be regularly tested to see whether they lack Borate, so that you don’t apply fertilizers in zones where the nutrients are still enough.
Adopt a Dual Application System
There have been certain studies that have found that having two application systems will increase fertilizer absorption by crops. These two applications are via soil spreading and foliar spray. Plants that were given Borate fertilizers via these two methods were more productive than plants that were only given the dry soil pellets or powders. In fact, foliar spray is the preferred method for Boron application in many plants.
Split Your Dosage
Adult oil palms need about 100-200 grams of Borate fertilizers per palm per year in general. This amount should be adjusted accordingly if symptoms of Boron deficiency or Boron toxicity appear.
In order to avoid either one, you can split your Borate application process to twice a year instead of one. Start by giving each palm about 100 grams somewhere in February to March. This gives you time to gauge the oil palms’ reaction to the fertilizers, and then you can decide whether the palms need a phase two of another 100 grams in September- October.
Don’t Mix Boron with Nitrogen When Applying
Recent research by some Malaysian scientists has found that Nitrogen affects the availability of Boron to oil palms. This means that certain types of fertilizers containing Nitrogen limit the absorption of Boron by oil palms.
In order to maximize the uptake of Boron by you oil palms, try to have separate applications times between Boron and NPK fertilizers. High concentrations of N in the form of calcium nitrate and ammonium nitrate seem to interfere with B uptake In a negative way. Allow at least a month or two between applications.
Daebak is here for all your Borate needs and more. Customize your borate fertilizer with us today for maximum effect at the most reasonable cost.
Gypsum is one of the earliest form of fertilizer used in the United States of America. It has been used in the agricultural industry for a period of more than 250 years. Gypsum is a moderately soluble source of crucial plant nutrients such as calcium and sulfur. Gypsum is able to improve overall plant growth.
Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD)
When mining gypsum is found as not the best option in today’s depleting natural sources, gypsum is obtained from flur gas desulfurization. FGD is a process where sulfur dioxide is removed from flue gas streams that result from burning sources that contain high concentration of sulfur, such as coal.
Previously, FGD sulfur was used only in wallbound industry while a very little amount was used in agriculture. However, now, an increase in the amount used for agriculture is seen, due to the properties of gypsum.
FGD gypsum is suitable for agricultural use as eve not mined, it still has the same properties as mined gypsum, and therefore can be used to enhance crop production. However, care is to be taken to use gypsum properly to avoid negative effects on the plants and environment.
Benefits of using gypsum as fertilizer
Inprove soil physical properties
When gypsum is used, the surface infiltration rate is improved. This is so, gypsum delays or totally inhibits the surface seal formation on the ground.
Reduce soil erosion
When gypsum is applied to the soil, gypsum flocculates the clay particles to settle out of surface water, thus making it less prone to move offsite.