Boron (B) is a micronutrient that plants really need to function on a normal basis. Although Boron is readily available in nature through the soil, this element can easily be depleted and cause problems to your crops, including oil palms.
One rich source of Boron is Boric Acid fertilizers. It appears as a crystalline powder that is white in color. Boric Acid is made by reacting borax with a mineral acid. The resulting Boric acid is a weak organic acid that isn’t strong, and can release the Boron element easily.
Boric acid is a unique fertilizer. At lower concentrations, it functions as an important nutritional source. However, at a higher concentration, Boric acid is a potent algaecide, herbicide and pesticide that can control the infestation of weeds and insect pests.
Versatile Application Method
Boric Acid is one fertilizer that can be applied both through the leaves and through the soil . This versatile application method suits different crops well. Some crops are able to absorb better through the foliar spray method whereas others can absorb Boron through the roots.
When used on leaves, Boric acid should be dissolved in water and sprayed evenly. However, if Boric Acid is applied to the soil, it can be applied as a dried powder without the need for it being dissolved in any water. The natural moisture in the soil will dissolve it and make it available in the soil.
Our Boric Acid fertilizer powders can be used in a versatile way. However, the concentration of Boric Acid should not be too high. Ideally, whether sprayed on leaves or applied to soil, there should not be more than 0.5- 5.0 mg of Boric Acidpowder per one Liter of warm water.
If the concentration of boric acid goes too high at more 10mg per Litre, Boric Acid can become toxic to the plant. This is because Boron uptake into plants cannot be controlled by the plants themselves and is dependent on the Boron concentration in their surroundings.
Boric Acid: A Ready Source of Boron
Boric Acid is a rich source of Boron, with up to 17.5% availability. This makes it an even richer source of Boron than Borate Fertilizers or Borax. On average, one hectare of land only needs about 4-7.5 kg of Boric Acid Fertilizer, making it a very affordable option.
Boric Acid powders are a very highly soluble form of Boron, and can be used in both diluted and non-diluted forms.
Boric acid is completely safefor your plants and it is an organic form of weak and harmless acid that is odorless, stainless, colorless and is not caustic.
Additionally, Boric Acid can also double up as an insecticide, herbicide and algaecide to protect your plantation from unwanted pests. When Boric Acid is used at much higher concentrations, it can take on a different role which allows you to accomplish more with just one product
Boron is a mineral element that’s considered an essential micronutrient for plants, especially in acidic and sandy soils where Boron is deficient. In agriculture, Boron can be applied to plants in several ways. One is in the form of Borax or Sodium Borate. It’s a type of salt that releases Boron into the soil in a slow and prolonged manner.
Boron is essential for you crops. They’re really important for:
- Promoting increased crop yield per harvest
- Increasing plant firmness as it controls the movement of Calcium in cell walls
- Increases cell production in roots, shoots and leaves, leading to more rapid growth
- Rapid transfer of plant sugars and other nutrients throughout the plant.
- Faster metabolism, which means that the plant will carry photosynthesis much faster.
- Increased flower and fruit production per harvest year.
- Improving reproduction cycles by regulating plant hormone levels better
EverMax’s Borate Fertilizers are optimized to achieve all these things and more!
Soils naturally have Boron, but they can be depleted, especially in areas where the soil is sandy and acidic. Humid and tropical area soils can have very low Boron too, as well as areas where there is a low amount of other organic matter. Boron can be insoluble if the soil becomes very acidic, which is when the pH drops below pH6.5. This means Boron is tied up in a salt form and can’t be soluble in the ground. In essence, Boron depletion is particularly problematic in coastal plantations, which are the ones near the sea.
EverMax’s Borate fertilizer is designed to be easily soluble in humid conditions.
This Borate fertilizer comes in granule and powder forms. They can be applied freely to the soil around the crops in a free and easy manner. Our borate fertilizers can dissolve easily into the soil in humid weather, without extra watering or needing to wait for the rain.
Additionally, they can also be dissolved in water and applied to the leaves of crops. This application method can be employed if you see Boron deficiency symptoms in the leaves. This is also useful for plants where the roots are inaccessible for certain reasons.
Oil palms are particularly susceptible to Boron deficiency. They can show symptoms very early on. If there symptoms are left untreated, it is possible for the palm to eventually die. Here’s how you know your palms or other crops need Boron:
- Stunted growth, especially in younger plants
- Cracks in trunks, fruits and petioles
- Leaves and fronds show signs of browning and curling
- Shorter roots that don’t look for water efficiently
- Strangely shaped fruits, flowers and parts of the tree.
- Smaller fruit bunches and lesser bunches for every harvest season
EverMax Borate Fertilizers are formulated to be used alone, or as part of a fertilizer blend. Add it to your fertilizer mixtures today for a complete nutritional supplement for your crops. Your crops will definitely thank you in the long run.
Silica is an element that is found naturally in plants. It’s also known as Silicon Dioxide, and is a type of natural element that helps plants maintain their shape and structure. Silicon itself is not found in a pure form in nature but often fused with oxygen to form Silica.
Here at Everchem, we provide Silica in the form of powders and granules. Silica appears like a fine white to off-white powder or granule, with some sparkle to it from the presence of the silicon mineral.
Silicon is a macronutrient, which means that it’s one of the main elements needed by plants to grow and survive. Silicone is found quite commonly in nature. They’re found in quartz, in the sand at the beach is used in glassmaking.
Silicon is often neglected by planters when they want to fertilize their plants. Instead, many choose fertilizers with only Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus since these macronutrients are deemed to be the most important for plants to conduct photosynthesis.
Boost Your Plant’s Metabolism!
Experts usually don’t mention Silicon all that much when recommending fertilizers. However, plants can benefit a lot from having more Silica in the ground. Here’s how they can help your plant’s physical health.
- They’re important in making stronger plant cells. Silicon forms the ‘pillars’ needed to make plant cell walls. Therefore, providing your plants with silica allows them to produce stronger cells much faster, as there isn’t a lack of raw materials.
- Since cells can grow faster, you can expect your plants to have bigger leaves and stems. Larger leaves and stems mean higher productiveness from your palms too. Photosynthesis will be much more vigorous, and therefore there will be more fruits in the long run.
- Research has shown that plants that have more Silicon in their system have a higher metabolism, which means they perform photosynthesis faster and even grow faster. This means your plants will mature in the fastest time possible.
Multiple studies have shown that Silicon helps protect your plants from various negative elements, including:
- Environmental stress, including drastic changes in temperatures. This is particularly important for outdoor plantations located in slightly elevated areas where the day and night temperatures vary drastically.
- Drought caused by environmental disasters. In this day and age, environmental phenomena such as El Nino, La Nina and others can cause a long delay in rainfall.
- Molds and Bacteria that target plants, such as the Ganoderma fungus that attacks oil palm roots. These infectious pathogens will have a hard time penetrating into the plant as the Silicon will form a hard barrier.
- Insect pests will also have a hard time infesting the plant because of the solid structural defenses brought about by increased Silicon.
Comprehensive Protection with Just One Fertilizer
Plants are exposed to all sorts of stressors, and you can help them fight it off. Everchem’s Silica Fertilizer provides the help you plants need to stay free from infection and environmental stress!
Running a plantation is hard work, and you want to make sure you give the best to your plants. In the oil palm industry, optimal output is important in order to keep up production levels and profit margins.
Only the healthiest oil palms produce an abundance of fruit. To make sure that your palm trees are at the peak of health, you need to give them the best nutrients in the form of a fertilizer. This is just like giving your children the best vitamins to help them grow.
FMP Fertilizers Are Vitamins For Your Plants!
Fused Magnesium Phosphate Fertilizers are multi-element fertilizers with all the basic nutrients your plants need. They’re made from natural ores without any chemicals being added. Daebak’s FMP fertilizer is the best basic fertilizer you can give your palms.
The main ingredients in our FMP fertilizers are:
- Phosphorus (P205): 15-17%,
- Magnesium (MgO): 15-18%, Ca0: 28-34%
- Silicon dioxide (Si02): 24-30%
- Trace elements: Fe, Mn, Zn, Cn, Mo, B
FMP fertilizers appear as a sandy grain that’s greenish-grey or black in color. The fertilizer is also available in powder form as an extra option.
Both Phosphorus and Magnesium are essential minerals for any plant to perform their basic function, such as carrying out photosynthesis and the transport of water and nutrients throughout all plant parts.
How is the FMP Fertilizer Different?
Although there are other Phosphate fertilizers available, such as Super Phosphate and Diammonium Phosphate (DAP), FMP stands out due to its uniqueness.
FMP fertilizers are non-water soluble. This means that it won’t wash away or dissolve with heavy rains. The fertilizer is very suitable for countries that experience heavy rainfall, even all year round. Palm oil plantations will definitely benefit as the plantations are found in tropical countries, where rain is constant. The fertilizer will not be affected by floods either, and can withstand lowland areas that flood regularly.
FMP fertilizers are actually soluble in citric acid, which is generated by the surface of plant roots. The solubility of FMP in this 2% citric acid environment reaches 99%. This means that you don’t have to water the plants or wait for it to rain in order for the fertilizer to be absorbed by the plant.
The FMP fertilizers can increase water retention in soil, ensuring that plants don’t get dehydrated during hot weather. In coastal plantations, FMP is also able to de-salinate soil by removing excess salts that can damage plant health.
FMP fertilizers are alkaline in nature, with a pH of 8.0-8.5. Unlike the other phosphate rich fertilizers, it’s safe to be applied close to the roots as it won’t have a corrosive effect. Its alkaline nature will neutralize acidic soils, which make this very suitable for use in acidic soil environments.
FMP stays in the soil for a long time, due to the fact that it’s not water soluble. This means it won’t get washed out, or combine with iron molecules in the soil to form a precipitate. Precipitated fertilizers cannot be absorbed by the plants and are considered unusable.
Everchem’s FMP fertilizers can also be stored for a very long time. They’re not sensitive to moisture damage or rain, since they don’t absorb moisture. You don’t have to worry about the fertilizers going bad in a short time.
Environmentally Friendly and Completely Safe
Planters can use Daebak’s FMP fertilizer with peace of mind. It’s made with a natural ore Apatite, which replenishes the Magnesium and Phosphate in the soil to ensure that your palms or other plants perform to the best of their potential.
DAP fertilizers are specifically used to provide plants with phosphorus (P). It became available during the 1960s, and has since been widely used on both commercial crops, as well as in domestic gardens. Phosphorus ( P) is one of three essential macro-nutrients that are needed by plants to grow. The other two are Nitrogen ( N) and Potassium (K).
Out of the three essential macro-nutrients, plants actually consume phosphorus the most. It’s important for plants to carry out their basic life functions, such as photosynthesis, water transpiration and nutrient transfer throughout the plant.
An adequate supply of phosphorus will ensure that a plant grows to its optimum height and size. It also helps the plant produce. Research has also shown that phosphorous can greatly improve the health of crops when applied at the early stages of plant growth, after germination.
DAP is the result of a fusion between ammonia and phosphoric acid, which results in a salt called Diammonium Phosphate (DAP). This salt is compressed into pellets, granules or powders which appear grey or brown in color. They’re sprinkled over the soil close to the plants and will seep into the soil after watering or after the rain.
DAP fertilizers also release nitrogen into the soil, in the form of ammonium. Eventually, the ammonium in the salt breaks down into nitrates, but this process takes quite some time. Therefore, the nitrogen in DAP is considered a ‘delayed’ release nutrient, and will take longer than phosphorus to reach the plants.
The Benefits of DAP Powders
DAP fertilizers are specifically useful in soils that are poor in phosphorus content. Bringing up the P and N concentrations in the soil will result in:
- Larger, greener and healthier looking leaves and fronds.
- Larger fruits and flowers, which will also appear in higher quantities
- A more rapid maturation of plants
- Neutralizes soil that is very acidic by creating an alkaline environment around the pellets
- Highly soluble and easy to seep into the ground
DAP Powder Application and Handling
DAP powders are highly alkaline in nature. Therefore, experts suggest that they are applied at least 5cm away from a plant. This is because dissolving powders will create an alkaline environment around itself which can have a corrosive effect on plant roots and stems, causing problems to the plant.
Additionally, these DAP granules should be applied evenly to ensure there are no large clumps of it on the ground. Large clumps of DAP will increase the alkaline effect sharply, which can have unwanted effects on your crops.
Additionally, these safety tips should be observed when using DAP:
- Avoid using DAP with any Zinc based fertilizer as they can react and form Zinc Phosphide which is a toxic poison.
- The best time to apply DAP powders is before planting. They can be applied one or two weeks before the seedling are transplanted, in order to ensure that they have adequately seeped into the ground.
- DAP is usually applied below the plant or beside it
- DAP has a synergistic effect when used together with Potassium Chloride, and these two can be mixed in equal portions before application.
- DAP granules and powders tend to take up moisture, so they should be stores in a dry area, and covered with a tarp.
For Better and Healthier Crops
In crops like oil palms, DAP powders are often applied to palms that are browning and not producing adequate fruits. They are also used for seedlings, as early application can boost production of the plants in the future.
Also be careful and follow the application instructions well to ensure the health and safety of your crops.