Fertilizer

Malaysia Signs RM3.6 Billion Palm Oil Purchase Deal With China

2019 appears to be starting in the right direction for the Malaysian oil palm industry. In recent years, the Malaysian palm oil industry has faced rising challenges of restrictions in export and worldwide demand. The leading issue would of course be the European Union’s growing anti-palm oil sentiment, driven by allegations of deforestation and the industry being environmentally unfriendly.

Although Malaysia and other oil palm producing nations have stepped up their efforts to dismiss these allegations, the EU seems poised to limit and eventually phase out palm oil, especially in vehicles and machinery. As such, palm oil sales have to be focused elsewhere.

China: One of the Largest Palm Oil Market

China has been purchasing palm oil from Malaysia for a long time. With the EU market under threat, Malaysia has managed to convince China to increase their purchases. In part, China’s increasing demand of oil palm is due to a drop of soybean oil demand and the need for more vegetable cooking oils.

In addition to just cooking, palm oil in China will be used in other industries such as the chocolate making industry, food processing industry, pharmaceuticals, soaps and more. Currently, China is the second largest importer of palm oil after India.

China buys 50% more Palm Oil in 2019

On March 4th, 2019, Malaysian Minister of Primary Industries, Theresa Kok witnessed the signing of purchase intent documents involving three Chinese companies which will buy products from four Malaysian companies.

These purchases amounted to USD 891 million or about RM 3.5 billion. The following is a breakdown of the purchase deals, which total up to about 1.62 billion tons of palm oil:

  • Yantai Tianmao Edible Ltd to purchase 100,000 tons of RBD palm stearin from Sime Darby Plantation
  • Yihai Kerry (Shanghai) International Trade Co. to purchase 1.3 million tons of RBD palm olein from PGEO Marketing Sdn
  • Yizheng Fangshun Industry Ltd to purchase 120,000 tons of RBD palm stearin from Cacao Paramount Sdn, unit of Teck Guan Group
  • Yizheng Fangshun to purchase 100,000 tons of RBD palm olein from SOP Edible Oils

More Room To Grow

At the signing of the purchase intents during the Malaysia-China Palm Oil Business Forum, China’s ambassador to Malaysia, Bai Tian mentioned that there is still room for more purchases. He stated that China has not placed a ceiling on the amount of palm oil and palm oil products that China can import.

Among the new fields that China is looking into developing is biofuels and this of course calls for and increased supply of palm oils in the country. In total, China’s import of palm oil in Malaysia is set to grow about 50% year on year in 2019, as compared to the year before.

In addition to boosting exports of palm oil to China, Malaysia is also taking steps to cap the amount of land opened for oil palm growth, as an important step to allay fears in the EU about deforestation.

The increased demand for palm oil and declining reserves are serving to gradually increase and stabilize oil palm prices for 2019, which is good news for small holders in Malaysia. If you’re a smallholder, this is the time to work hard and make hay while the sun shines.

 

References:

https://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/malaysia-china-sign-us891-million-palm-oil-purchase-deals

https://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2019/03/04/malaysia-to-export-us$891m-of-palm-oil-to-china/

http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-03/04/c_137868498.htm

The Living Produce: Selling Vegetables with Roots

What is this concept?

The living produce is a recently developed concept which is based on the idea of selling plants, mostly vegetables, to the market without disconnecting them from the roots. The plants are protected in a clamshell which acts as a greenhouse.

A clamshell is a plastic made into the shape of a clam which has it’s cover intact. The clamshell protects the plants by ensuring that the moisture that escapes from the plants is captured in the shell and is reabsorbed by the plant roots.

Commonly, green vegetables such as salads and lettuce are grown and sold according to this trend.

Why is it good?

One of the reasons why selling living produce is good is that the taste of food will be enhanced. For example, if you use herbs that are sold by this trend, you tend to get fresher produce which in return enhances the taste of your food in comparison with the herbs that have been placed on the shelf for a few weeks before being bought.

Other than that, living produce allows you to store the vegetable for a longer period of time after buying it. For example, if you bought lettuce and have used just a few leaves from it, you can still put it on your kitchen counter can let it grow as the roots will still be intact.

Next, you can grow your own mini garden on your kitchen counter or window sills. Since the living produce sold comes with roots, it is convenient enough for you to be able to regrow them while getting the freshest produce with the optimum nutrient content.

Is Hydroponic Plantation Beneficial?

Hydroponic refers to a method of growing plants without the use of soil but by using a nutrient rich medium. Some examples of nutrient rich mediums commonly used are perlite, gravel, peat moss, vermiculite and rockwood. The basic concept of hydroponic is to enable the plant roots to directly receive nutrients from the medium. Oxygen and carbon dioxide, as other important supplements, are obtained naturally from the surrounding.

Advantages

1) Increased growth rate of plants

Plants that are hydroponically grown are able to mature at a rate of 25% to 30% Faster than plants grown in soil medium. This is because, enough amount of nutrients are already provided to the plants.

2) Plants grow bigger and faster

Since hydroponic system provides plants with the nutrients needed, there is no need for the plants to grow their roots long as in soil to search for nutrients. Therefore, hydroponic plants focus more on growing upwards rather than expanding their roots downwards.

3) Use less water

Hydroponics plantation uses less water in comparison with soil grown plants. This is due to the closed systems of the hydroponic method. Water does not evaporate or at least evaporates at a very slow rate, compared to soil.

Disadvantages

1) Higher cost than the soil counterpart

For high quality hydroponic system, the maintenance cost is much higher compared to soil based system. The nutrients used cost much higher than soil.

2) Large scale is harder to maintain

A large scale hydroponic plantation is difficult to maintain and is time consuming. The pH and nutrient levels of the medium must be checked on a daily basis

In conclusion, if one wishes to start hydroponic plantation, care must be taken of the system to avoid failure and loss that can kill the plants if not attended to properly. Hydroponics is beneficial for a longer run with proper care.

5 Ways To Boost Daebak Borate Fertilizer’s Efficiency

Borate fertilizers supply Boron to your oil palm trees. We’ve already covered the importance of Boron for oil palms and plants in general. Suffice to say, it’s an important main element for nutrition and metabolism.

When you see that you plantation is low in Boron, and you purchase our Daebak Borate Fertilizers, there are a few ways to make it work better.

The first step is to understand how Borate fertilizers lose efficiency. Borate fertilizers are lost through leaching, volatilization, nitrification and more. Inefficient use of borates can lead to wastage, pollution and increased running cost.

Here’s how you can give the Borate fertilizers you buy, a boost:

Uniformed application

Fertilizers pellets can sometimes clump together due to moisture of other factors. If this is the case, you’ll have to dry them out. Clumped up beads of fertilizers can often cause uneven fertilizer application. Some parts of the soil will be over-fertilized while others will be under –fertilized. An even spread will boost the fertilizer’s effectiveness for the oil palms and prevent leaching or fertilizer burn.

Using GPS mapping and Soil Testing

Modern technology like GPS maps can give you an overall view of your plantation without the need for you to hire a helicopter or buy any expensive equipment. GPS maps can be found online, in places like Google Maps.

Once you divide your entire plantation into square zones, you can work more efficiently by identifying which zones need fertilization and which ones do not. Each zone should also be regularly tested to see whether they lack Borate, so that you don’t apply fertilizers in zones where the nutrients are still enough.

Adopt a Dual Application System

There have been certain studies that have found that having two application systems will increase fertilizer absorption by crops. These two applications are via soil spreading and foliar spray. Plants that were given Borate fertilizers via these two methods were more productive than plants that were only given the dry soil pellets or powders. In fact, foliar spray is the preferred method for Boron application in many plants.

 

Split Your Dosage

Adult oil palms need about 100-200 grams of Borate fertilizers per palm per year in general. This amount should be adjusted accordingly if symptoms of Boron deficiency or Boron toxicity appear.

In order to avoid either one, you can split your Borate application process to twice a year instead of one. Start by giving each palm about 100 grams somewhere in February to March. This gives you time to gauge the oil palms’ reaction to the fertilizers, and then you can decide whether the palms need a phase two of another 100 grams in September- October.

Don’t Mix Boron with Nitrogen When Applying

Recent research by some Malaysian scientists has found that Nitrogen affects the availability of Boron to oil palms. This means that certain types of fertilizers containing Nitrogen limit the absorption of Boron by oil palms.

In order to maximize the uptake of Boron by you oil palms, try to have separate applications times between Boron and NPK fertilizers. High concentrations of N in the form of calcium nitrate and ammonium nitrate seem to interfere with B uptake In a negative way. Allow at least a month or two between applications.

Daebak is here for all your Borate needs and more. Customize your borate fertilizer with us today for maximum effect at the most reasonable cost.

 

Ref:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/307533945_EFFECTS_OF_NITROGEN_ON_BORON_AVAILABILITY_AND_UPTAKE_BY_OIL_PALM_Elaeis_guineensis_SEEDLINGS_I_NITROGEN_FORMS_AND_CONCENTRATIONS

 

Adding gypsum to fertilizer

Gypsum is one of the earliest form of fertilizer used in the United States of America. It has been used in the agricultural industry for a period of more than 250 years. Gypsum is a moderately soluble source of crucial plant nutrients such as calcium and sulfur. Gypsum is able to improve overall plant growth.

Production

Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD)

When mining gypsum is found as not the best option in today’s depleting natural sources, gypsum is obtained from flur gas desulfurization. FGD is a process where sulfur dioxide is removed from flue gas streams that result from burning sources that contain high concentration of sulfur, such as coal.

Previously, FGD sulfur was used only in wallbound industry while a very little amount was used in agriculture. However, now, an increase in the amount used for agriculture is seen, due to the properties of gypsum.

FGD gypsum is suitable for agricultural use as eve not mined, it still has the same properties as mined gypsum, and therefore can be used to enhance crop production. However, care is to be taken to use gypsum properly to avoid negative effects on the plants and environment.

Benefits of using gypsum as fertilizer

Inprove soil physical properties

When gypsum is used, the surface infiltration rate is improved. This is so, gypsum delays or totally inhibits the surface seal formation on the ground.

Reduce soil erosion

When gypsum is applied to the soil, gypsum flocculates the clay particles to settle out of surface water, thus making it less prone to move offsite.

Towards Sustainable Agricultural Practices: How Daebak Controlled Release Fertilizers Can Help

Modern agricultural practices are a world away from what our ancestors used to practice. There have been many innovations and inventions that have made growing plants easier to influence and control.

As the days pass, more and more farmers are beginning to realize that production must be balanced by sustainability. The term ‘sustainability’ became widespread not long ago, when researchers and agricultural scientists began to see the threat of some unhealthy practices.

What is Sustainable Agriculture?

Sustainable agriculture is a set of practices which protects your plantation or farmland for generations to come. It means adopting methods that allow you to use the earth to fulfill the needs of today, while making sure that it is still productive for the generations to come.

Essentially, sustainable practices include protecting the soil from pollutantsand ensuring that it is not stripped of its natural nutrients. Sustainability also includes the protection of wildlifeand other organisms that make up the ecosystem of you plantation, so that the balance will continue in the years to come.

Sustainability is all about understanding how nature works, and realizing the importance of not destroying natural cycles and processes. As a farmer or plantation owner, it’s up to you to know which practices are not sustainable, and which ones to change.

How Controlled Release Fertilizers Help Sustainability

CRFs are relatively new in the fertilizer market. However, they are one of the most environmentally friendly and sustainable products out there. Here’s why:

  1. Less fertilizer residues mean less pollution

CRFs are not released into the soil immediately. They are released over a period of 9 months to a year at a relatively constant rate. This means there will be less excess nutrients in the soil which can lead to pollution of nearby rivers and streams with fertilizer rich runoff.

 

  1. Made of natural products

Daebak’s CRFs are coated in a natural layer that can be broken down by microorganisms to release the nutrients contained within. These coatings don’t contain any harmful chemicals that can endanger the natural microorganisms in the soil, or plant roots. They have no negative impact on the surrounding environment, and are safe in any quantity.

  1. Promotes soil stability

Normal fertilizers tend to dissolve rapidly into the soil, causing a sharp increase of nutrients. This causes the amount of soil nutrients to peak and decrease rapidly. Continuous instability of nutrients in the soil isn’t just bad for the plants, it affects the environment too. This is because extremely high amounts of nutrients can lead to fertilizer toxicity.

With CRFs, nutrients are released at a constant rate, and the soil will not experience any sudden increases of these elements. This creates a more stable soil ecology where the crops can live in harmony with microorganisms and small creatures that co-exist with it and support it.

 

Here at Everchem, we have designed our Daebak Controlled Release Fertilizers for you current needs, as well as for the future. You can count on our CRFs to deliver quality now, and for the years to come. Choose Daebak, choose the future.

 

 

 

Organic and homemade bug repellants

Are your plants attacked by bugs? Do not want to attack your plants with chemicals? Need an easy and cheap way to repel bugs? Here are a few ways discussed to keep your plants safe from pests.

Garlic spray

Garlic is well known for its smell. Garlic spray acts as a deterrent when applied on plants. The smell from the garlic sprays encourages insects to move from the plant to another plant without the smell of the spray. Unlike many chemical based insecticides, garlic spray can be applied on the leaves of plants.

To prepare garlic spray at home, all you need is a few garlic cloves and water. Drop the cloves into a blender and add two cups of water. Blend the mixture until the puree is finely grind. Set aside for a day. Then, strain the pulp and mix with another gallon of water and add the mixture into the sprayer. Spray all over the plant.

Tomato leaves

Aside from being a flavorful fruit, the tomato plant can be used as a bug repellant. Being packed with alkaloids, the tomato leaves can act as effective repellants for aphids, corn earworms and diamondback moths.

To use these leaves as insecticide, chop or mash 1 or 2 cups of tomato leaves and soak in two cups of water overnight. Before spraying the mixture onto your plants, strain the mixture through a strainer and add two more cups of water.

Egg shells

Eggs shells do not act only as bug repellant but also as fertilizer for your plants. As fertilizer, add some crushed eggshells to the base of the pot when planting your plants. Other than that, you can also blend the eggshells and spread them around the plants to be used as fertilizer.

To be used as pest repellant, place the crushed shells, with sharp adges, into the soil around the plant. This will keep away pests such as slugs, snails and cutworms.

Practical Tips for Using Daebak Controlled Release Fertilizers that Benefit Your Plantation

Controlled release fertilizers (CRF)  work very differently than regular fertilizers. For starters, they have a very release rate that isn’t affected by the amount of rain. Instead, soil temperature and  microbial activity are the main determiners of nutrient release.

In Malaysia, soil temperatures are fairly constant, which means that nutrients are released all year round without sudden drops or increases.

Our Daebak Controlled Release Fertilizers last much longer and can be effective in a plantation up to one year after application. However, in order for this to happen, you should use it in the correct manner. Here are some practical tips:

Incorporate CRFs Into The Soil

Many plantation owners take the easy way out and apply fertilizers on the surface of the soil. This method is acceptable, but not the best way. Although sprinkling fertilizers on the top of the soil is easy, there’s a higher chance that the fertilizers will move away from their original position.

Unlike normal fertilizers, CRF doesn’t dissolve immediately upon coming into contact with water or rain. Instead, it can be around for months and months. This means they can be blown away by the wind, storm or rain and moved by workers, animals walking and the like.

Therefore the best method is to mix the fertilizer with the soil, or bury it underground surrounding the oil palm or whatever crop you have.

Stick to the Recommended Application Rate

You don’t want to over-fertilize your plants and neither do you want to under-fertilize it. Since CRFs have a release rate that’s different from regular fertilizers, you actually need less. Studies have found that you can apply about 30% less CRFs compared to other fertilizers.

A healthy range would be between 0.35 to 2.5 kilograms per cubic meter. Some studies have found that the optimal application rate is about 1.25 kilograms per cubic meter. Try not to apply more than 3 kilograms per cubic meter at one time as this can lead to fertilizer burns or over fertilization which can be toxic to your palms.

Apply Freshly Bought CRFs
Dry CRFs can be stored for a long time. However, in Malaysia’s hot and humid weather, moisture tends to accumulate in the air and encourage microbial growth. Although moisture cannot directly affect the integrity of the CRF’s coating, growing fungi and bacteria can break it down. Therefore, it’s advisable not to keep your CRFs too long. It’s best to use them within a month or two after purchase. This will ensure that the CRF coating breaks down in the soil instead of in storage. This way, they can have a long efficacy period of up to a year in the ground.

Plan Your Application Once a Year

One of the reasons why CRFs are becoming popular is the fact that it only needs to be applied once every 9 -12 months. Monitor the performance of your oil palms to see if you need to delay or bring forward application time.

The great thing about Daebak Controlled Release Fertilizersis that it can be applied at any time of the year. Since the main factors affecting release are microbial activity and temperature, rain doesn’t play a role and you can apply this fertilizer in dry or rainy seasons.

 

 

 

Daebak Controlled Release Fertilizer Vs Regular Fertilizers. What’s the Difference?

Controlled release fertilizers (CRF) are a modern marvel. They have been developed by scientists in order to deliver nutrients to plants in a more efficient manner. The usage of science and research has therefore produced an amazing fertilizer product.

Daebak’s very own controlled release fertilizer is remarkably different from other regular fertilizers.  For starters, they’re coated in a polymer which is environmentally friendly. This polymer is the main thing that sets CRF from regular fertilizers.

Here are other ways our Daebak CRF differs from regular NPK fertilizers:

Prolonged Longevity

CRF is able to deliver nutrient over a very long period. Regular fertilizers do not have polymer coats and dissolve easily when exposed to water and moisture. They result in a sudden surge of nutrients in the ground which dissipates very fast and only lasts a few months. After that, the fertilizers would need to be replenished.

However, with CRF, you’ll be able to get nutrients for as long as 12 months. This means you only need to apply the fertilizer once a year. This will automatically reduce costs and make maintenance much easier for your plantation.

Constant Supply of Nutrients

CRF supplies nutrient is a constant rate over a long period. This is really important for the plants as a sudden surge is certain minerals can actually cause a fertilizer burn. A fertilizer burn happens when too much fertilizer is applied near the plant roots and releases too much fertilizer at once, which damages the plant root cells.

CRF is encased by a temperature sensitive polymer which will not be dissolved into the ground immediately by rain or water runoff. This avoids fertilizer burns and ensures that your oil palms get nutrients at a steady rate.

Not Dependent On Irrigation

The release rate of regular fertilizers is affected by many factors, but mainly by water. This means that you need water on the soil in order for regular fertilizers to dissolve into the soil.

CRF fertilizers are much more stable and are only controlled by soil temperature. Soil temperature is usually very constant, especially in the tropical weather where oil palms grow. This means that CRF releases the elements N, P and K at the same rate all the time, whether it’s the rainy season or not. CRF continues to release nutrients come rain or shine.

Increased Productivity

Plantations that have switched to using CRF fertilizers have reported an increase of productivity of at least 10%. Some have even seen an increase of up to 25% in productivity. Scientific studies done on the effects of CRF have found that it causes oil palms to produce bigger and more fruits. Additionally, the size of leaves, trunks and roots of the trees are much better too.

Increased productivity with CRF can be attributed to the fact that the oil palms are supplied with nutrients on a consistent basis, with no gaps of low nutrition in the middle.

Increased Fertilizer Uptake and Utilization

Oil palms provided with CRF have been found to have a better uptake and usage of fertilizers. This is because oil palms are not bombarded with a high dosage of nutrients all at once. Instead, they’re able to take up these essential elements at a steady rate and carry out all the important metabolic functions without disruption.

No Wastage

With regular fertilizers, a lot of the macro-nutrients are lost, especially during rainy seasons when the fertilizers are dissolved into the soil but the plants don’t need them. A lot of it is then left in the soil as unwanted residue.

CRFs on the other hand, release nutrients at a lower rate, even if there’s a lot of rain. This means a lot of the fertilizer is reserved and taken up exclusively by the oil palm.

Our Daebak Controlled Release Fertilizer is meant to keep your oil palms happy and healthy, while easing your plantation management process. Choose Daebak to save time, resources and bring down operation costs in the long term.

Problems Faced by the Fertilizer Industry

In the development and maintainance of the fertilizer industry, there are several problems and challenges that need to be solved.

  1. Need for more fertilizer

As the population of the world increases on a daily basis, more and more food production is needed in both developed and developing countries. Therefore, to sustain this situation, more fertilizer is needed to be produced. As an increased population is expected over the years, the world fertilizer consumption is expected to double up within the few coming years.

  1. Infrastructure difficulties

In producing more fertilizer, another obstacle is the infrastructure difficulties. This term refers to mainly the infrastructure such as fertilizer plants especially in developing countries. In these countries, there is less effort to develop fertilizer industry but instead production is more focused on other industries that are more beneficial in terms of cash.

Other than that, utilities inadequacy also causes problems in the industry. Utilities such as power supply, and water are limited in developing countries where the fertilizer plants are mainly built away from cities and thus limits power and water supply. Raw materials and final product transportation also is a challenge as the cost for transporting these materials is high.

  1. Delays in construsting fertilizer projects and bringing them into production

The delays refer to the time lag from the date expenses are obtained and orders placed to the date when production actually takes place. In developed countries, this process takes up to 2 years while in developing countries, 4 years. This delay is caused by several other delays in form of local equipment supllies, man power and raw materials.