Ammonia is a form of a renewable fuel that if made of sun, air and water. Unlike most fertilizers, fuel and sources of energy, ammonia is able to power the globe without the use of carbon.A vast usage of ammonia is as fertilizer. Ammonia is able to fulfill the need of plants, providing the plants with nitrogen which is then used as a building block for plant protein and DNA. Ammonia is manufactured via a chemical process known as the Haber-Bosch process. This process enables reactors to produce ammonia at a higher rate than natural processes. Since the development of the process in the past few decades, the technology has enabled farmers to feed the ever-growing population of the world.
Although the Haber-Bosch process has led to the Green Revolution, the process itself is not green. In the process, hydrogen gas is first stripped off from natural resources such as coal or natural gas in a highly pressurized, super-heated steam reactor. This process leaves behind carbon dioxide. Then nitrogen is obtained from the air, which consists of 78% nitrogen. Next, to combine the nitrogen and hydrogen together to form ammonia, a very high pressure is needed in the reactor. This process leaves behind a big negative impact on the environment as a lot of fossil fuel is consumed in order to generate the needed pressure for the process.In order to avoid the damage done to the resources and the environment, a greener way of ammonia production is researched by researchers. Instead of using the Haber-Bosch process, reverse fuel cells are used to produce ammonia. This process utilizes air and water and a far more environmentally friendly technique to produce ammonia. This renewable ammonia produced could be used globally as fertilizer or as an energy-dense fuel.
This is the exercise of us loading 40 metric tonnes of Borate Fertilizer in our Port Klang’s warehouse to be delivered to our buyer in Pasir Gudang, Johor.
Our Borate Fertilizer is a slow-boron. It ensures prolonged availability of its nutrients in the soil, our Borate Fertilizer is the best solution to ensure healthy growth and good yield of your crops.
Loading of Borate Fertilizer in Port Klang
Our Daebak Borate Fertilizer
To reduce nutrient losses, crops are advised to use slow-release, fertilizer. It is to overcome the low use efficiency mostly caused by high rainfall environment (Abat, 2014)
Reference of citation: Abat, M. (2015). The development of new slow-release boron fertilizers.
We are pleased to present our new Fused Magnesium Phosphate (FMP) bag marking. Listed is the process of receiving our cargo from Vietnam to be placed in our warehouse before transferring them to our buyers in Bintulu, Tawau, and Sandakan.
Empty bag of the new front look of FMP
Empty bag of the new back view of FMP
Our new FMP front look packaging with contents
Our new FMP back view packaging with contents
The cargo had just arrived from Vietnam
The process of emptying the container to be shipped to our warehouse begins here
Cargos are being emptied bit by bit
Until it is all transferred
We then transferred them to our warehouse
We then stacked the FMP neatly on the pallets before selling them to our buyers
KOTA KINABALU: Palm oil groups today urged the Sabah government to consider allowing firms to resume operations for essential procedures such as harvesting, crop evacuation, and milling despite the nationwide movement control order (MCO) which has mostly shut down activity in the country.
In a joint statement, the Malaysian Palm Oil Association and Malaysian Estate Owners Association said there would be social impacts from the closure of operations in the state.
“The industry strongly feels that we can better contain the spread by continuing operations rather than curbing them,” they said.
hey said closing operations only highlights “the operational nightmare” in addition to the potential revenue loss of about RM860 million for a month’s closure in Sabah.
“The loss in 7.5% sales tax revenue to the government amounting to about RM57 million could actually be used to support the fight to contain COVID-19,” they added.
Sabah Chief Minister Shafie Apdal recently announced the closure in phases of palm oil operations in the districts of Tawau, Lahad Datu, and Kinabatangan.
He said this would begin with oil palm plantations before being extended to mills as well.
The three districts account for 65% of the total planted area of 1.2 million hectares and 75% of production in Sabah involving some 100,000 workers.
The groups said these workers would be left idle and confined to their quarters for long hours due to social distancing.
They said the workers might also leave to look for jobs elsewhere or attempt to return to their home countries, which would pose a threat to the MCO objective of containing the spread of COVID-19.
They also said the industry had committed to supporting the government in its battle against the virus by introducing and adhering to guidelines and SOPs at all estates and mills, including a so-called voluntary lockdown.
**Credit: FMT News
**Credit to featured image: freemalaysiatoday.com
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This is the process of mining our Limestone in Surabaya ready to be supplied to our potential buyers.
Limestone being mined in Surabaya
Mining conveyor belt to transport the limestone
Our Limestone mining process video in Surabaya
This is the stuffing process of 100 metric tonnes of our product that is, Granular Zeolite from Jakarta to Port Klang for the month of April 2020.
This is the closed up look of the Granular Zeolite
This is the Granular Zeolite being bagged individually
The bagged Granular Zeolite is then shifted by hand into the container
Each bags is being arranged and stuffed neatly inside the container
The stuffing is done by hand, to make sure the bags are neat, tidy with no damages
The filled up container is then ready to be shipped to our buyer in Malaysia
The novel Coronavirus or Covid-19 has been spreading across the nation in increasing rates daily. This virus has forced Malaysia to go under Movement Control Order since 18th March 2020. The Movement Control Order is a very crucial step taken by the government to avoid the spreading of the virus in Malaysia. Due to this, there are many effects on the economy, personal income and environment resulting from agricultural activities. Some of the effects are discussed below.One of the drawbacks of the Movement Control Order (MCO) is that most of the local and global trade markets are kept on hold. Locally, many farmers are facing a drop in income as their sales do not reach the targets. Small scale farmers are losing their income as there is not much demand for fruits at this point. Most consumers prefer to stock up food such as rice, bread and canned food during the MCO while fruits are often neglected. On a global scale, large scale farmers and traders of fruits are also experiencing loss as the import-export activities have been closed down due to the MCO.Next, many farmers are losing their optimum yield as they are unable to get their fertilizer on time for fertilizing the crops. MCO has urged the shops to be closed as a preventive method to avoid the further spreading of Covid-19 in Malaysia. Therefore, missing the fertilizing period, can cause a drop in yield for the farmers.
On the other hand, there are also some pros from the MCO as observed by the community. Due to the limited movement time and flexibility to buy daily essentials, many consumers tend to stock up on food. As for Malaysia, the most consumed food is rice and grains. Therefore, the demand for these food sources has increased due to panic buying.Other than that, since fertilizing and aerating new land for farms during the MCO period is impossible, the impact can be seen in the environment. There is less water pollution in the lakes surrounding the plantations. Also, since transportation is banned for transporting the produce to markets or other places, there is also a drop in air pollution during this moment.Lastly, although MCO may cause difficulties for some parties, we should understand that it is crucial to follow the rules of MCO by staying home and avoiding public places to curb the further spread of the virus. The economy can slowly be recovered later on, but lost lives cannot be brought back. Therefore, stay home and save lives.
This is the production process of our product Silicate Fertilizer from its production until containerization.
The production is processed in Korea and delivered to our buyer in Tawau, Malaysia. The process is as listed.
The process starts by processing the raw materials into Silicate Fertilizer.
Next, we pack them individually in their bag in an automated way.
After packing, each of the products is transported via the conveyor belt in the manufacturing line onto the pallet.
We pile the products in each pallet before automatedly cling wrap them.
Once it is clung wrap we forklift them and arrange them on each pallet in the warehouse.
The products are made ready to be stuffed into the container and shipped to our buyer.
Boron fertilizers have always been essential to the agriculture industry. Borate or Boron is one nutrient that all plants need and it cannot just be omitted from any fertilizer application process. The lack of Boron can lead to crops being less productive and appearing withered or diseased.
In recent years, there have been new innovations in the field of fertilizers, whereby slow-release and controlled-release fertilizers have been developed. These fertilizers have a slower release rate than more traditional forms of fertilizers. Slow-release fertilizers have an advantage over fast-release fertilizers as they are able to last longer and are less prone to leaching in soil.One research project has examined the rate of release and leaching of Ulexite, and we shall see the main findings of this paper with regards to the performance of regular Ulexite in soil and for agricultural purposes.
The concentration of Boron in commercial Ulexite
In the paper by Da Silva et al. (2018), the amount of total Boron in a sample of Ulexite from Argentina was 98 grams per kilogram. However, the water-soluble portion of this product was only about 74 grams per kilo. In effect, this means that only 7.4% of the total weight of the product is being released into the soil to be used by plants. This, of course, is only the results of one product, and Ulexite from different places may vary slightly.
Boron leaching from Ulexite
The leaching rate of a MOP (Muriate of Potash) blend with Ulexite was examined. The blend was applied to soil columns with different pore volumes (PV). Pore volumes were set at 2.5PV, 5PV, 10PV and 20PV. Water was then poured through the soil columns and the amount of Boron remaining was measured in order to determine how much of it was lost.
At 2.5PV, the leaching rate of the Ulexite blend was about 52.9 %. However, at higher PV values, the percentage of leaching became stable at 70.2%, 75.8%, and 77.8% respectively. This shows that Boron in Ulexite is highly soluble and can be lost at high degrees in soils with heavy rainfall and high sandy content.Uptake of Boron in Canola
In a study of the uptake of Boron by the Canola plant, it was found that soils with less leaching has plants that had a higher amount of Boron, and generally had higher shoot dry matter yield. This means that the Canola with less leaching in soils generally had a bigger mass and healthier growth rate. Canola is one plant that is sensitive to Boron content, and therefore is often used as a measure for Boron performance in soil.The Importance of Slow-Release and Controlled-Release Ulexite
In the study by Da Silva et al. (2018), we can conclude that regular Ulexite is prone to wastage to due soil leaching, with about 70-75% lost when rainwater washes it off. This is why the technology of slow-release and controlled release is so important to be used in the field, in order to conserve the Boron in Ulexite so that it really reaches the plant.
Boron and borates are a class of fertilizers that are essential to the agriculture industry. They are a major category of fertilizers, along with Nitrogen (N), Phosphates (P) and Potassium (K). Commercially, boron is available in several natural forms. These include borax, Ulexite, Colemanite, and Boric Acid.
Boron and borate minerals are used in many fields, not just as fertilizers. They’re also widely present in the glassmaking industry, ceramics, detergents, and others. In fact, slightly more than half of the borate minerals in the world go towards the glassmaking. Only about 14% of all borate minerals are used as fertilizers. Among these is of course, Ulexite.Demand for Ulexite
Ulexite will continue to see a growth in terms of demand for the year 2020 and beyond. Ulexite itself provides borates to crops, which are micronutrients without any substitutes. Since Ulexite has no other material substitutes, and the demand for agricultural products is not expected to decline anytime soon, we will see the demand trend for Ulexite be pretty stable.
Agricultural demand for Borates stood at 14% in 2012 and is expected to rise by 1.48% in 2020, and a further 1.32% and 1.33% in 2021 and 2022. The forecasted production amount for the agricultural sector in 2020 is about 314,095 tons and this number is projected to increase slightly in the subsequent years to 326,860 tons in the year 2023, as seen in Table 1.
Table 1: Projected Boron Demand Forecasts (In B2O3 tonnes). Source: StormcrowThe recent COVID-19 pandemic around the world is not expected to affect the production and supply of Ulexite in Malaysia. This is because the production of Ulexite as a fertilizer is considered an essential service, as it pertains to the food and agriculture industry.Ulexite Pricing
The pricing for Ulexite has more or less remained stable, and shows only a slight increase due to inflation. In 2005, the documented price of Ulexite was USD250-USD300 per metric ton, and in 2020 we are seeing Ulexite being sold commercially for about USD300-USD350 per metric ton.
Thankfully, the pricing of Ulexite is not influenced by the price of raw materials, as Ulexite is processed mainly by mechanical means. In addition to the price of Ulexite being free from the heavy influence of raw material costs, there is also plenty of room for smaller suppliers to grow in the Ulexite supply business.
The Future of Ulexite
In general, there are several countries that are the main producers include South American countries like Bolivia, Peru and Chile. The main players in the Ulexite production field include Socomirg of Bolivia, Quiborax of Chile and Inkabor of Peru. However, there are many other smaller companies from other countries that can potentially penetrate the market and be successful. This is based on the simple fact that demand is steadily increasing and supply is always welcomed.
The market is definitely not saturated, and the usage of Ulexite is not limited to the fertilizers and the agricultural sector. The best way forward is therefore to vary your target market if you’re producing Ulexite into as many fields and industries as possible.
Stormcrow Industry Report on Borates (https://static1.squarespace.com/static/535e7e2de4b088f0b623c597/t/55365c32e4b09956c7c42fc0/1429625906212/Stormcrow-Borate+Industry+Report-Apr2015-Final.pdf)
Industrial Minerals and Rocks: Commodities, Markets and Uses