Running a plantation is hard work, and you want to make sure you give the best to your plants. In the oil palm industry, optimal output is important in order to keep up production levels and profit margins.
Only the healthiest oil palms produce an abundance of fruit. To make sure that your palm trees are at the peak of health, you need to give them the best nutrients in the form of a fertilizer. This is just like giving your children the best vitamins to help them grow.
FMP Fertilizers Are Vitamins For Your Plants!
Fused Magnesium Phosphate Fertilizers are multi-element fertilizers with all the basic nutrients your plants need. They’re made from natural ores without any chemicals being added. Daebak’s FMP fertilizer is the best basic fertilizer you can give your palms.
The main ingredients in our FMP fertilizers are:
- Phosphorus (P205): 15-17%,
- Magnesium (MgO): 15-18%, Ca0: 28-34%
- Silicon dioxide (Si02): 24-30%
- Trace elements: Fe, Mn, Zn, Cn, Mo, B
FMP fertilizers appear as a sandy grain that’s greenish-grey or black in color. The fertilizer is also available in powder form as an extra option.
Both Phosphorus and Magnesium are essential minerals for any plant to perform their basic function, such as carrying out photosynthesis and the transport of water and nutrients throughout all plant parts.
How is the FMP Fertilizer Different?
Although there are other Phosphate fertilizers available, such as Super Phosphate and Diammonium Phosphate (DAP), FMP stands out due to its uniqueness.
FMP fertilizers are non-water soluble. This means that it won’t wash away or dissolve with heavy rains. The fertilizer is very suitable for countries that experience heavy rainfall, even all year round. Palm oil plantations will definitely benefit as the plantations are found in tropical countries, where rain is constant. The fertilizer will not be affected by floods either, and can withstand lowland areas that flood regularly.
FMP fertilizers are actually soluble in citric acid, which is generated by the surface of plant roots. The solubility of FMP in this 2% citric acid environment reaches 99%. This means that you don’t have to water the plants or wait for it to rain in order for the fertilizer to be absorbed by the plant.
The FMP fertilizers can increase water retention in soil, ensuring that plants don’t get dehydrated during hot weather. In coastal plantations, FMP is also able to de-salinate soil by removing excess salts that can damage plant health.
FMP fertilizers are alkaline in nature, with a pH of 8.0-8.5. Unlike the other phosphate rich fertilizers, it’s safe to be applied close to the roots as it won’t have a corrosive effect. Its alkaline nature will neutralize acidic soils, which make this very suitable for use in acidic soil environments.
FMP stays in the soil for a long time, due to the fact that it’s not water soluble. This means it won’t get washed out, or combine with iron molecules in the soil to form a precipitate. Precipitated fertilizers cannot be absorbed by the plants and are considered unusable.
Everchem’s FMP fertilizers can also be stored for a very long time. They’re not sensitive to moisture damage or rain, since they don’t absorb moisture. You don’t have to worry about the fertilizers going bad in a short time.
Environmentally Friendly and Completely Safe
Planters can use Daebak’s FMP fertilizer with peace of mind. It’s made with a natural ore Apatite, which replenishes the Magnesium and Phosphate in the soil to ensure that your palms or other plants perform to the best of their potential.
DAP fertilizers are specifically used to provide plants with phosphorus (P). It became available during the 1960s, and has since been widely used on both commercial crops, as well as in domestic gardens. Phosphorus ( P) is one of three essential macro-nutrients that are needed by plants to grow. The other two are Nitrogen ( N) and Potassium (K).
Out of the three essential macro-nutrients, plants actually consume phosphorus the most. It’s important for plants to carry out their basic life functions, such as photosynthesis, water transpiration and nutrient transfer throughout the plant.
An adequate supply of phosphorus will ensure that a plant grows to its optimum height and size. It also helps the plant produce. Research has also shown that phosphorous can greatly improve the health of crops when applied at the early stages of plant growth, after germination.
DAP is the result of a fusion between ammonia and phosphoric acid, which results in a salt called Diammonium Phosphate (DAP). This salt is compressed into pellets, granules or powders which appear grey or brown in color. They’re sprinkled over the soil close to the plants and will seep into the soil after watering or after the rain.
DAP fertilizers also release nitrogen into the soil, in the form of ammonium. Eventually, the ammonium in the salt breaks down into nitrates, but this process takes quite some time. Therefore, the nitrogen in DAP is considered a ‘delayed’ release nutrient, and will take longer than phosphorus to reach the plants.
The Benefits of DAP Powders
DAP fertilizers are specifically useful in soils that are poor in phosphorus content. Bringing up the P and N concentrations in the soil will result in:
- Larger, greener and healthier looking leaves and fronds.
- Larger fruits and flowers, which will also appear in higher quantities
- A more rapid maturation of plants
- Neutralizes soil that is very acidic by creating an alkaline environment around the pellets
- Highly soluble and easy to seep into the ground
DAP Powder Application and Handling
DAP powders are highly alkaline in nature. Therefore, experts suggest that they are applied at least 5cm away from a plant. This is because dissolving powders will create an alkaline environment around itself which can have a corrosive effect on plant roots and stems, causing problems to the plant.
Additionally, these DAP granules should be applied evenly to ensure there are no large clumps of it on the ground. Large clumps of DAP will increase the alkaline effect sharply, which can have unwanted effects on your crops.
Additionally, these safety tips should be observed when using DAP:
- Avoid using DAP with any Zinc based fertilizer as they can react and form Zinc Phosphide which is a toxic poison.
- The best time to apply DAP powders is before planting. They can be applied one or two weeks before the seedling are transplanted, in order to ensure that they have adequately seeped into the ground.
- DAP is usually applied below the plant or beside it
- DAP has a synergistic effect when used together with Potassium Chloride, and these two can be mixed in equal portions before application.
- DAP granules and powders tend to take up moisture, so they should be stores in a dry area, and covered with a tarp.
For Better and Healthier Crops
In crops like oil palms, DAP powders are often applied to palms that are browning and not producing adequate fruits. They are also used for seedlings, as early application can boost production of the plants in the future.
Also be careful and follow the application instructions well to ensure the health and safety of your crops.